Law Homework Help


Questions

# Description Question
19515

Paper requirement

This class seeks to analyze the evolution of crime film in its historical, social, political, and ideological context. It examines the role of film in shaping and reflecting the public’s attitudes and beliefs about crime and the criminal justice system. It also examines how crime film is influenced by the conflicts and changes marking unique eras in American history.

Watch the Clint Eastwood directed film Changeling(2008). It relates to a number of issues relate to crime, victimization, justice, and criminal justice system. Your analysis entails identifying the tropes and narrative structure used in Changeling.

You should assess its treatment and construction of the criminal justice system, criminals and crime victims. What is your main substantive take away from this film? Illustrate your findings for each of the three subjects of analysis, and explain your “take away” in detail.

Double space, Times New Roman 12, and 5 to 7 pages.

Example:

1.      Introduction

2.      criminal justice system,

3.      criminals

4.      crime victims

5.      conclusion

crime film analyze paper
19509

Assignment 2: Deterrence


The concept of deterrence plays an important role in our system. Laws are in place to punish offenders but also to hopefully dissuade potential offenders from actually committing the crime.


Your state has decided to pass a law making it illegal to drive while using a cell phone or texting. The purpose of the new law is not really to punish people since this is not a "bad" crime, like hurting someone or stealing. Rather, the goal is to deter people from driving in a dangerous manner. Prepare a memo to the committee that is looking into this project—the committee needs to understand the concept of deterrence.


Your memo should be of 3 to 4 pages and include:



 
A justification for adopting this law, including an explanation of the concept of deterrence

 
A explanation of whether deterrence is a Classical concept or a Positive one

 
A suggestion for a deterrent punishment, with an explanation as to why you believe that this punishment will have the desired deterrent effect

 
An explanation of whether there are any characteristics of potential offenders that influence whether deterrence will work—in other words, whether certain deterrence efforts will work on some offenders and not others

 
An explanation of what the state will have to do in order to achieve deterrence

Assignment
19498

Step 1:

  1. Visit the TeenBuzz website at www.teenbuzz.org (opens in a new window). This site offers free ringtones that most adults cannot hear. 
  2. The website includes a chart of ringtones that start at 8kHz (everyone should be able to hear) and go up to 22kHz (only those below age 20 can hear).  Starting with the 8kHz frequency, download* each ringtone one at a time and keep a list of which you can hear and make a note when you are no longer able to hear the ringtone. 

*There are four options for downloading the ringtones, depending on what type of device you are using.  Most students on a computer, laptop or Android device will click the green download button (MP3). Students using iPhones will click the blue/grey button (M4R format) and students using Windows phones will click on the red/orange button (WAV format).  There is no need to save the ringtones.

Step 2:

Thoroughly discuss the following:

  1. Other than age, what factors may be both positively and negatively affecting your hearing?  For example, using headphones regularly or a history of ear infections may be negatively affecting your hearing while living in a rural area or rarely attending live concerts may have a positive affect on your hearing. 
  2. When writing your initial post, please include the frequencies you could hear and whether your actual age is consistent with the age ranges given by the website.

Important guidelines to follow:

Write at least a 300-word, well-developed and well-written response.  Use APA Formatting Guide to create accurate citations and documentation to give credit for any resource material used in your response. Your assignment is due September 24 in class.  

Grading Criteria

To maximize your score, you must follow guidelines.

Step 1: Visit the TeenBuzz website
19492

Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.

 Lowest Cost Alternative

Prior to completing this discussion, review Assignment 1 in Chapter 19 of your course text. In your initial post, answer the following question:

  • What issues need to be taken into consideration to determine which is the lowest cost alternative?

Your initial post must be 300 to 350 words.

Guided Response: Where do you begin when doing this type of research? Challenge your peers to think through how they would know if the capital investment demonstrates a positive financial outcome, and what other benefits may occur. What is a reasonable life cycle for various items in a health care organization? Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts.

due Nov 1 Week 6 - Discussion 1
19488

Paper 1

POLS 4201

 

Please respond to the following topic in 5 double-spaced pages. Your paper should construct an argument with a thesis, using evidence from both the original source (Diamond essay) and other relevant examples in our political world. This is a senior level class, so grammar, spelling, and punctuation should all be done properly. Do multiple drafts of your paper to eliminate mistakes. And, it should go without saying, you must do your own writing. If you do not properly quote and cite, you will fail the paper. Check to make sure the unoriginal material in the turnitin.com report is properly cited and quoted. But the paper should be mostly your own writing.

 

Martin Diamond claims that “the Founders ‘had no hope and they offered none for any ultimate organic change in the way men conduct themselves’” (97). What does Diamond mean by this and what are the consequences of this for the relationship between ethics and politics in American society? Think about the actions, events, and people in American politics today: were the Founders correct about the lack of hope for any organic change in human behavior? Support your conclusion with evidence from American political life.

You are expected to submit a 3-5 page paper of original work
19423

I need 2 two page papers in APA format. The instructions are as followed:

 

Paper #1

Write a two page evaluation of the article "Law and the Ten Commandments". Please use the Theocritical Analysis Worksheet that I will add to the bottom of the instruction.

 

Paper #2

Write a two page evaluation of the article "Marital Ethics and the Song of Solomon". Please use the Theocritical Analysis Worksheet that I will add to the bottom of the instruction

 

 

 

Theocritical Analysis Worksheet:

 

-The main purpose of this article is...

-The key question that the author is addressing is...

-The most important information in the article is...

-The main inferences/conclusion of this author are...

-The key concept(s) we need to understand in this article are...By these concepts the author     mean...

-The main assumption(s) underlying the author's thinking is (are)...

-If we take this line of reasoning seriously, the implications are...

-What are the Christian Worldview implications espoused by this article? Is it founded on biblical principles, and if not, what worldview is it suggesting?

Law Books & Wisdom Literature
19421

Assignment Instructions

This assignment consists of producing a 4-5 page college level research paper to test knowledge and assimilation of the course objectives.  

Instructions

For this assignment, we will address the foundational course objective that focuses upon the role of and challenges facing the private sector in securing the homeland. Specifically, you will write this paper from the perspective of a private sector business/organization within a critical infrastructure sector (not the sector itself). You are to write this research paper as if you are the director of security and preparedness (continuity of operation) for a company within your chosen critical infrastructure sector and let the CEO or COO know where your business stands in relation to working with the government sector, where improvements can be made, and what are the potential implications if public-private interaction is not improved. In your paper you will be expected to incorporating all of the topics we have covered thus far in class (i.e. critical infrastructure, continuity of operations planning, partnerships, information sharing, challenges, etc.). Note: Pick a real business in your chosen sector, or make up a fictional one. The point is to just put yourself in the 'shoes' (perspective) of the private sector and look at how they view the government sector in these topics we have been discussing in the course.

You are expected to utilize the material that has been provided to you thus far, as well as other applicable scholarly material discovered during your research. In addition to your assigned readings, you have again been provided with the individual Sector Specific Plans (below). These can be utilized to incorporate pertinent information concerning your chosen sector. A minimum of 2 academically acceptable sources per page are to be utilized (at least 8 for this paper). Assignments will be submitted for review through Turnitin and will be graded in accordance with the writing assignment grading rubric. A report that uses a disproportionate amount of outside material, an excessive amount of direct quotes (more than 10%), or if resource material is not adequately cited may result in points being deducted from your score. 

Sector Specific Plans

ChemicalCommercial FacilitiesCommunicationsCritical ManufacturingDamsEnergyFinancials ServicesFood and AgricultureHealthcare and Public HealthInformation TechnologyTransportation SystemsWater Systems.

Private Sector
19420

Assignment Instructions

The topic for your research paper can be anything pertaining to border and coastal security. You get to chose the research question and hypothesis. No approval is needed...this is college and you will be treated as such. .

You are to prepare and submit your research paper in a Microsoft word document and submit as an attachment. Use proper APA for citations and format, which includes usingTimes New Roman, Font 12-double space and 1" margins.  Your research paper should be 10-12 pages of content, double spaced, excluding your title page and reference page. A minimum of 10 outside references are required. Additionally, you are to include a title page, defined "abstract", and reference page. Your research paper must be an original work and you cannot recycle a paper that you prepared and submitted to any other class (refer to your "student handbook" for the University plagiarism policy).  When you submit your research paper (word document) for grading, it will automatically be submitted to Turnitin.  Here is the specific format:

Cover Sheet (APA format)

Abstract

Introduction (Research Question and Hypothesis)

Literature Review (Note this is not an annotated bibliography but a Literature Review)

Methodology - don't simply state qualitative methodology. 

Analysis & Findings

Conclusion and Recommendations

Border Security
19408

Context: Until the 1970s, the need to individually assess offenders in attempts to understand and reform them was the norm in correctional facilities. However, this method of providing individualized assessment and treatment for each offender was enormously taxing on the criminal justice system.

Over time, populations increased, crime rates rose, and technology gave way to new avenues for crime to enter the lives of normal citizens. The traditional, individualized methods of treatment involved in rehabilitation came under scrutiny as the public raised its voice for the rights of victims to be recognized and for public funds to be refocused on more effective means of crime control. Research by Robert Martinson on the effectiveness of the rehabilitative nature of the system identified that, in total, the efforts of the rehabilitative model were ineffective.

Task Description: Analyze recidivism rates for a category of crime that interests you. Research responses of victims who have identified the impact of recidivism by their offender either revictimizing them or preying upon another.

  1. What are the psychological effects of recidivism?
  2. What are the social effects of recidivism?
  3. What are the economic effects of recidivism?
The Effectiveness of Rehabilitative Crime Policy. APA format due immediately 650 words minimun
19406

 Context: Voices opposing traditional crime policies were also emerging from within the criminal justice system. Frequent complaints were raised from racially charged corners asserting that the rehabilitative initiatives were not only ineffective but abused. Activist groups asserted that “rehabilitative” tools were used to “repress blacks, the poor, the young, and various cultural minorities” (Garland, 2001, p. 55). These groups rallied for a “Prisoner's Bill of Rights” and were in favor of the uniformity brought by standardized sentencing guidelines and decriminalizing general social offenses, such as public intoxication, vagrancy, and truancy, which could be more appropriately handled through nongovernmental agencies such as social services.

In line with the activists, the 1960s brought a wave of concern regarding the repression of individualism and freedom present in “rehabilitation.” The social voice of the 1960s suggested that individual values and freedoms were more supported by well-defined punitive measures than by rehabilitative correctional methods.

Additionally, Judge Marvin Frankel argued in 1972 for regulations on the sentencing discretion of judges. Sentencing reform gave way to the use of parole, fixed-term sentencing, and appropriate sanctions for crimes. The standardization of penalties simplified the criminal justice system as well as created confidence in the system by removing some of the discretionary (and sometimes abused) power of the criminal administrators.

Von Hirsch created the first sentencing matrix, which aligned offenses with previous offenses to determine appropriate sentencing. James Wilson echoed the support of fixed sentencing established by Von Hirsch by identifying that American crime rates were so high in the 1970s because criminals knew that their chances of being caught, prosecuted, and stringently punished were low. Therefore, punishments must be severe enough to deter crime. Additionally, contributing to the move from the rehabilitative methods of traditional crime policy, funding for treatment programs and research was significantly cut in the 1980s by legislative reorganization.

Task Description: Argue for and against the rights of a criminal to have mandatory “rehabilitation.” Then analyze contemporary examples in modern society that support each of Hirschman's theories. Describe what changes could have been implemented to create more positive outcomes for your examples. Which outcome do you think is better for society as a whole? Defend your position. 

Opponents to Rehabilitative Theory. APA format, DUE Immediately. 650 words Minimum
19405

 Context: The issue of fixed sentencing in crime policy is not new. Some identify fixed sentencing as a panacea that provides expectations for victims of crime and eliminates bias within the criminal justice system. However, nothing comes without a cost.

 

Task Description

 

Review the article:

 

Consistency and Fairness in Sentencing: The Splendor of Fixed Penalties, by Mirko Bagaric.
http://www.boalt.org/CCLR/v2/v2bagaricfr.htm

Provide an analysis of fixed sentencing. Is it effective or inefficient, and why? What is the impact on victims? Decide whether you support or oppose fixed sentencing, and defend your position.

Fixed Sentencing. APA format, DUE Immediately. 650 words Minimum
19393

Business Law

Unit 4 DB

Due Thur Sept 13

 

Primary Task Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write 400 to 600 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.

Unit 4 Discussion Board

As you reflect on your time at Phishy Pharmaceuticals, you decide it is time to move on with your career. You have always wanted to start you own restaurant business and be an entrepreneur. As an entrepreneur, you must decide whether the business should operate as one of the major forms of business organization, sole proprietorship, general partnership, limited partnership, limited liability partnership, limited liability company, or corporation, or under other available legal business forms.

Your selection depends on many factors, including the ease and cost of formation, the capital requirements of the business, the flexibility of management decisions, government restrictions, personal liability, tax considerations, and the like. You must choose one of the major forms of business that is best for your business. (For this assignment, you should not choose a sole proprietorship for your business entity.) In your initial Discussion Board post, you must address each of the following:

  1. The defining legal characteristics of your business entity
  2. The advantages and disadvantages of your legal business entity
  3. The operating agreement required by your entity
  4. Why that entity choice is the best for your business

 

I need your help again
19389

Offender Smith is serving a six-to-ten year sentence for forcible rape and aggravated assault. While he and his then-girlfriend were high on cocaine and PCP, she refused his sexual advances and he brutally raped her and punched her in the face. This crime left her physically and emotionally damaged. One of the punches resulted in minor nerve damage on the left side of her face. Smith has served the minimum of six years necessary to be eligible for his first parole hearing. He has no prior convictions or arrests and has been a model prisoner, completing an education program and a sex offender treatment program while in prison. Smith also routinely attended Narcotics Anonymous (NA) meetings while incarcerated. He has no institutional disciplinary infractions. While he was in prison, his mother died, leaving him her house in his hometown, the same town where the crime was committed. His former employer, John Doe Construction Company, offered Smith his old job back when he is released from prison. His victim and their two children remain in the home they all shared at the time of the crime. She has not had any contact with him during his incarceration and has not let him see the children. In her victim statement, she says that she is fearful of his reaction when he gets out of prison. She fears retaliation and revenge. 

 

Smith’ s release plan includes moving into his late mother’s house, working for John Doe, paying court-ordered child support, seeking further sex-offender treatment in the community, attending NA meetings, and completing an anger management course. In the plan, Smith also stated he “is sorry and feels terrible about what happened.” Smith claimed he has no animosity toward his former girlfriend and wants desperately to gain a relationship with his children, now ages 7 and 8. A parole officer would supervise him if this prisoner were released.

 

 

 

Discussion question:

 

 

1)Imagine you are a parole board member with the task of determining whether to release this offender and, if so, under what conditions?   In making your decision, you may want to consider the likelihood of recidivism, the offender's impact on the victim, institutional behavior, and the release plan developed.   Remember the core categories. 

Parole discussion
19384

1.  Describe the jail supervision styles of indirect/first-generation, podular/second-generation, and direct/new-generation. Review text and course document notes below and the attached PDF documents:

 

Jails have a sordid history in American corrections. They have served as warehouses for vagrants, petty offenders, and social undesirables. Today, inmates in jail are a diverse lot. They include the convicted and those awaiting court proceedings, as well as both felons and misdemeanors. The new generation of jails allows direct supervision of offenders. Some of the most significant concerns to jail and detention administrators is the problem of overcrowding, personnel improvements, health care, and jail standards. Several alternatives to jail are being proposed. These include fines, day-fines, weekend confinement, community work orders, and pretrial alternatives. 

 

2.  Describe a typical minimum and supermaximum security prison. (Your response should include type of prisoner housed there, interior and exterior control and security descriptions.  Use the notes above and in the attached PDF files below for this question. Answer in essay format.) 

 

3. Which type of security level is similar to minimum security but usually has double fences and inmates not perceived as dangerous or escape risks? (just list the security level; no other details are necessary.)

 

4.The prison picture shown at the bottom of this assignment is Florence, CO supermax.  By looking at the photo, how can you recognize this is a supermax?

Save your work in a word doc.

 

5. Access the website on the Cook County Jail, Chicago, Illinois. This is a 10-minute video that provides a brief tour and overview of a local correctional facility. After watching this video, do a summary of it to include the various security levels, their internal controls, and any similarities or differences among the levels. An appropriate length for this essay question should be about 3 paragraphs. The website for the video is listed below. 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d0oitRBPdQI

Q&A and Video question
19383

The Washington Post article review.

 

 

 

Your response should be about 3 paragraphs 

 

 

 

Go to the following link:  

 

 

The article is credited and referenced to Sorwitz, S. (2015, May 2). The painful price of aging in prison.  The Washington Post, pp.

 

 

 

After reading the article, provide a brief review along with your comments on how prison and parole systems should handle elderly prisoners and how does this article relate to the "graying of America's prisons" concept? 

 

 

 

Part 2 Q&A

 

Answer the questions based on the following Powerpoint and lecture PDF file and list and reference "In text citations" Review the PDF lecture notes and the powerpoint as well.

 

 

 

 

 

1. What is meant by 'cruel and unusual punishment'? What U.S. Constitutional Amendment addresses cruel and unusual punishment?

 

 

 

2.  A person who supports the death penalty is known as a retentionist. What are the main arguments for the death penalty? (provide at least 2 factors)

 

 

 

3.  A person who is against the death penalty is known as an abolitionist.  What are the main arguments against the death penalty? (provide at least 2 factors)

 

 

 

4.  Name the case in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled to place a moratorium on the death penalty in the United States due to arbitrary & discriminatory concerns. (just list the case name and year.)

 

 

 

5.  Name the case in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled allowing the states to reinstate the death penalty provided that the states meet certain conditions (providing automatic appeal, bifurcated trial, review of aggravating & mitigating circumstances) of the death penalty phase. (just list the case name and year)

 

 

 

6.  What is the gatekeeper function?

 

 

 

7.  Can juveniles be sentenced to death? In your response, provide what United States Supreme Court case addresses juveniles and the death penalty pertaining to your answer.  Just list the court case name - no other details are necessary.

Article essay and Q&A
19364

Discussion 1

·         Discussion Requirement. Please ensure you do not forget to contribute to the discussion with a current events issue (from the Unit 1 concepts) that you have researched. Answer the questions provided in the Course Basics section and also submit a discussion question for your classmates.

·         Course Basics

Netiquette and Collaboration (Threaded Discussion Requirement)—You will be required to participate in a threaded discussion once every unit on some of the outstanding issues in international politics. This will represent one-fifth of your overall grade. Your contribution to these activities will be the basis for your discussion grade. I will check to ensure you have responded to issues, and I will be participating in the discussion from time to time.

The following is a list of accepted online news sources. (Please note that search engine news - e.g., Google, Yahoo-and/or television news source - e.g., Fox, CNN - are unacceptable. If you know a good source that is not listed below and you would like to use, please let me know in advance.)

·         Los Angeles Times: www.latimes.com

·         NPR: www.npr.org 

·         New York Times: www.nytimes.com

·         Seattle Times: www.seattletimes.com

·         Washington Post: www.washingtonpost.com

·         BBC World News: bbcworld.com

·         Al Jazeera English: america.aljazeera.com

·         AFP world news - agence france-presse in English: afp.com/english/home

Please make this a substantial topic, which will enhance our discussion. Once you have a good feel for the topic, you will provide the following:

·         Summarize your take on the issue.

·         How does it relate to the Unit concepts?

·         Develop a question that you will post on the threaded discussion that either extends the discussion or queries others for their perspective on the debate about the topic. Once you have submitted the posting, please respond to two other comments or questions that fellow students have placed on the thread.

 

Discussion 2

Evolution and Analysis of World Politics Discussion Requirement. Please scan various news sources and look for articles related to the unit concepts. Pay particular attention to the evolution of the international system and the various levels of analysis that affect world politics. Once you have found a substantial story on the issue, please respond to the questions below:

·         Summarize your take on the issue.

·         How does it relate to the Unit 2 concepts?

·         Develop a question that you will post on the threaded discussion that either extends the discussion or queries others for another perspective on the debate about the topic. Once you have submitted the posting, please respond to two other comments or questions that fellow students have placed on the thread.

·         Readings

o    Rourke and Boyer, Chapter 2 and 3

o    Instructor notes on international politics literatures and concepts:

·         Supplementary References (Optional):

o    Burns, James MacGregor. 1978. Leadership. New York: Harper Colophon Books.

o    Hermann, Margaret G. and Joe D. Hagan. 1998. International Decision Making: Leadership Matters. Foreign Policy, Spring: 124-37.

o    Preston, Thomas. 2001. The President and His Inner Circle: Leadership Style and the Advisory Process in Foreign Policy Making. New York: Columbia University Press.

o    Waltz, Kenneth. 1959. Man, The State, and War. New York: Columbia University Press.

 

• Discussion Requirement
19355

 Political Ideology is defined as a cohesive set of beliefs that forms a general philosophy about the role of government.  It is essential to understand not only the basic competing ideologies in American political culture, but the nuanced application, interpretation and in fact, perversion of these terms and concepts.  It is important to understand these dynamics in order to make sense of the various political behavior that pervades our society.    The subject of political ideology is addressed in Chapter #6 later in the semester.  However, it has general relevance in all aspects of the study of American and California government and specific and greater relevance in some areas more than others.  It also has specific relevance to many of the concepts and themes addressed in Chapter #8.  At the heart of competing ideologies is the following question:  What is the proper role and size of government?  When we talk of the size of government we are talking about the amount and types of laws passed by government; the nature and scope of policies and involvement of government; the level of power of government;  the amount of people, funding and overall infrastructure of government.  The answer to this over arching question can inform us of where someone stands in their political ideology.   Below, you will find a video lecture that has been broken into three parts.  The lecture introduces students to political ideology and the political spectrum.  Your assignment begins by having you watch that lecture and then answering some related questions.  The lecture totals about one hour.  The lecture posted below includes closed captioning.   Unfortunately, the captioning obscures the term "Republican Party" on the bottom of the chart.  FYI.    (Because the video lectures are lengthy, this assignment is not due until the end of week #2.  All other assignments in this Module are due as otherwise instructed.)Once you have watched the video lectures I want you to answer and submit the following questions (By clicking on the hyperlink above)

  1.  What is the difference between "Classical Liberalism" as a concept and being considered a "Liberal" on the U.S. Political Spectrum?
  2.  Ronald Reagan believed in small government.  Based on my lecture, how was his belief somewhat, not entirely, contradictory?
  3.  Based on my lecture, how did the ideologies of President George H.W. Bush and President George W. Bush differ?
  4.  Based on my lecture, which parts of Communism and Marxism are arguably still relevant today and which part(s) are not?
  5. What is the proper role of government for the United States? 

 

1.https://youtu.be/lV0Foyx-hlY

 

2.https://youtu.be/iVOFy-BNveo

3.https://youtu.be/0NDerm8vYxw

Andrus Video Lecture and Q&A (Political Ideology)
19332

Crime Analysis review and analysis, based on population, Violent Crime Index, Property Crime Index = crime rate FBI Uniform Crime Report REQUIRED

 

 

·        
Introduction

 

 

·         How do you define safety?

 

 

·         How do you determine if an area is unsafe?

 

 

·         Safety analysis on 11cities from your personal view only, no application of formal crime data. Anaheim, Corona, Inglewood, Irvine, Los Angeles, Moreno Valley, Riverside, Santa Ana, Simi Valley, San Bernardino, Thousand Oaks. You must add a 12th city if you do not reside in any of these cities.

 

 

 

·         Personalized safety list – Chart 1

 

 

·         Place the cities in order from safest to least safe based ONLY on your own personal knowledge of violent crime and property crime

 

 

·         Why did you place the cities in that particular rank?  the reason why you ranked the city in this numerical position.

 

 

 

A.   Statistical safety list – Chart 2 – using FBI statistics www.fbi.gov (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

 

·         Create a Uniform Crime Report (chart/table)

 

 

·         Following the alpha listing of cities compute each city by four (4) categories; Population, VCI (violent crime Index), PCI (property crime index), crime rate.

 

 

·         Chart 3 -

 

 

·         Rank the cities in order from safest to least safe based on the collected data; crime rate. Remember to explain how your chart/table is organized according to the statistics displayed.

 

 

·         Why did you organize it in that manner?

 

 

·         Compare your personalized list with your statistical list

 

 

·         Did the rankings change?

 

 

·         What did you discover?

 

 

·         How do you feel about your findings?

 

 

·         Did anything surprise you?

 

 

Chart 4 – final listing of cities by crime rate; safest to unsafe

·         Sex offender laws regarding children under the age 14

·         PC§ 288. Lewd Act upon a Child
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (i), any person who willfully and lewdly commits any lewd or lascivious act, including any of the acts constituting other crimes provided for in Part 1, upon or with the body, or any part or member thereof, of a child who is under the age of 14 years, with the intent of arousing, appealing to, or gratifying the lust, passions, or sexual desires of that person or the child, is guilty of a felony and shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or eight years. 
(b) (1) Any person who commits an act described in subdivision (a) by use of force, violence, duress, menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another person, is guilty of a felony and shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for 5, 8, or 10 years.

 

 

·         Megan’s Law https://meganslaw.ca.gov/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

 

 

·         What is Megan’s Law?   by court order the person must remain 1,000 feet from where children congregate or are located.

 

 

·         How did Megan’s Law come about?

 

 

·         What purpose does it serve?

 

 

·         What are the statistics for the registered sex offenders in your community?

 

 

·         Use the results for your zip code (please list), city, and county.  for example 92504, 90305. City of Riverside, City of Inglewood, Riverside county, Los Angeles county

 

 

·         What are your thoughts about your analysis?

 

What is the Megans law, offenders, for the listed cities?

What is the Megans law, offenders, for Riverside, San Bernardino, Orange, and Los Angeles counties - how does this correlate to your city ranking, safest to unsafe?

 

 

·         Jessica’s Law  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jessica%27s_Law (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

·         https://ballotpedia.org/Jessica%27s_Law,_California_Proposition_83_(2006) (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

·         John Evander Couey  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Couey (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

·         http://murderpedia.org/male.C/c/couey-john-evander.htm (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

·         http://www.cnn.com/2005/LAW/04/20/florida.killing/index.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

·         http://www.cnn.com/2009/CRIME/09/30/florida.couey.dead/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

 

 

·         What does Jessica’s Law say?  the person must remain 2,000 feet from where children congregate or are located

·         For specified high-risk sex offenders, the ban extends to 2,640 feet.

·         Making more sex offenders eligible for an SVP ("Sexually Violent Predator") commitment.

 

 

·         How did it come about?

 

 

·         What is the purpose?

 

 

·         Chelsea’s Law https://www.stopchildpredators.org/chelseas-law/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

·          http://www.cnn.com/2010/CRIME/09/09/california.chelseas.law/index.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

·         https://www.nbcsandiego.com/news/local/Chelseas-Law-Signed-into-Law-5-Years-Ago-326470901.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

 

 

·         What does Chelsea’s Law say?

 

 

·         How did it come about?

 

 

·         What is the purpose?

 

 

·         Clery Act (This portion of your assignment is optional, but very beneficial if you are planning or have already transitioned to a four (4) year college / university. It is your choice to do the research and include it into your essay)

 

 

·         What is the Clery Act?  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clery_Act (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

·         http://endrapeoncampus.org/the-clery-act/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

·         https://police.vanderbilt.edu/crimeinfo/cleryactfaq.php (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

 

 

·         What does it say?

 

 

·         How did it come about?

 

 

·         What is its significance?

 

 

·         Create two separate UCRs (charts/tables) to show your collected data for RCC and your school of choice. for example CSUSB https://www.csusb.edu/sites/csusb/files/ASR_CSUSB_2017.pdf (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

·         UCR http://police.ucr.edu/clery/clery_2017_0930_revised.pdf (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

·         CBU https://calbaptist.edu/safety-services/2015%20Annual%20Security%20Report%20-%20OPS.pdf (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

 

 

·         What are the statistics for RCC?  

 

 

·         What crime(s) occur the most?

 

 

·         Do you feel safe here on campus? Why or why not?

 

 

·         What does the data say about your school of choice?

 

 

·         What crime(s) occur the most?

 

 

·         After reviewing the Clery Act information, do you still wish to transfer/remain as a student? Why or why not? 

 

 

·         Conclusion

 

 

·         What did your analysis prove about safety versus your personal thoughts?

 

 

·         Has your thoughts/views on safety changed? Why or why not?

 

CITATION GENERATORS

Citation Machine http://www.citationmachine.net/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

Easy Bib http://www.easybib.com/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Noodletools https://www.noodletools.com/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

OWL https://owl.english.purdue.edu/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

 

 

Factors

Factors

Criteria

Ratings

Pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeWhat the reviewer sees

FORMAT/PRESENTATION; CLEARLY WRITTEN, LOGICAL, RATIONAL IN REVIEW, EASE OF REVIEW

2.0 pts

Full Marks

You have met all the requirements of this criteria.

1.0 pts

Partial Credit

Partial credit on this area. Look to do more research!

0.0 pts

No Marks

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeStructure of outline

GRAMMAR, SENTENCE STRUCTURE, INDENTED PARAGRAPHS, SPELLING

2.0 pts

Full Marks

1.0 pts

0.0 pts

No Marks

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcomewhat the student finds

TOPIC – SUBJECT MATTER CONSENSUS, CONFLICT, CHAOS POINT OF VIEW, STATED OPINION

2.0 pts

Full Marks

1.0 pts

0.0 pts

No Marks

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcomeoutline mechanics

CONTENT COVERAGE – # OF PAGES PAPER HEADING, INTRODUCTION, CONTENT, SUMMARY

2.0 pts

Full Marks

1.0 pts

0.0 pts

No Marks

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcomewhat the law, evidence says

FACTS; CORRECTLY STATED LAWS/CODES; CORRECT IDENTIFICATION U.S. CONSTITUTION CONNECTION; AMENDMENTS, WHAT THEY ARE

2.0 pts

Full Marks

1.0 pts

0.0 pts

No Marks

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcomewhat the final outcome says

UNDERSTANDING OF THE LEGISLATIVE/COURTS DECISION APPLICATION TO SOCIETY SUMMARY – FINAL THOUGHTS

2.0 pts

Full Marks

1.0 pts

0.0 pts

No Marks

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcomeresearch application

SOURCES/CITATIONS; MLA, APA

2.0 pts

Full Marks

1.0 pts

0.0 pts

No Marks

2.0 pts

Total Points: 14.0

 

 

 


Description

 

Demonstrate an understanding of criminological theories used to explain crime and criminality;

 

 

1.      Critical Thinking - Students will be able to demonstrate higher-order thinking skills about issues, problems, and explanations for which multiple solutions are possible. Students will be able to explore problems and, where possible, solve them. Students will be able to develop, test, and evaluate rival hypotheses. Students will be able to construct sound arguments and evaluate the arguments of others.

 

Explain the methods, theories, and concepts associated with the sources of crime data, the emerging patterns of criminal activity, and the costs of crime;

 

 
 

Understand the history, development, and structure, and function of American police, courts, and corrections;

 

 
 

Demonstrate an understanding of the history, structure, and function of the police;

 

 
 

Convey an understanding of the process of adjudication;

 

1.      Critical Thinking - Students will be able to demonstrate higher-order thinking skills about issues, problems, and explanations for which multiple solutions are possible. Students will be able to explore problems and, where possible, solve them. Students will be able to develop, test, and evaluate rival hypotheses. Students will be able to construct sound arguments and evaluate the arguments of others.

 

Show an understanding of corrections including the roles of probation, parole, and community corrections; as well as the functions of prisons and jails;

 

 
 

Identify and describe special issues in the criminal justice system involving juvenile delinquency, drugs, and the future development;

 

 
 

Critically analyze and discuss issues of crime and justice from varying perspectives;

 

 
 

Utilize conclusions from scholarly research in creating informed positions on controversial issues in criminal justice;

 

 
 

Demonstrate the ability to raise critically relevant questions based on independent reading of criminal justice literature;

 

 
 

Effectively follow the appropriate writing style practiced in the social sciences;

 

 
 

Explain the definitions of crime;

 

1.      Information Competency & Technology Literacy - Students will be able to use technology to locate, organize, and evaluate information. They will be able to locate relevant information, judge the reliability of sources, and evaluate the evidence contained in those sources as they construct arguments, make decisions, and solve problems.

 

Understand the extent of the crime problem in America.

 


What is the U.S. Constitution?-2

REMEMBERING THE DISCUSSION ON CONSENSUS, CONFLICT, CHAOS.

 

Monday September 17th 1787

The US Constitution is the most important document in the American government. All laws, case reviews, and legal procedures are dependent on the interpretation of the US Constitution and its Amendments. This interpretation is the responsibility of the Supreme Court and its Justices; Madison v Marbury, 1803. Considering how important this single document is within our legal system and how its interpretation affects the practices of law enforcement across the nation, it is imperative that there is a clear understanding of its contents.

The US Constitution (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Description: The US Constitution 

Understanding U.S. Constitution - 5 Key Concepts Everyone Should Know - (1 of 2) (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Description: Understanding U.S. Constitution - 5 Key Concepts Everyone Should Know - (1 of 2)

 

Understanding U.S. Constitution - 5 Key Concepts Everyone Should Know - (2 of 2) (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Description: Understanding U.S. Constitution - 5 Key Concepts Everyone Should Know - (2 of 2)

 

Article. I 

Section 1.

All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

 

Section 2.

The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.

 

 

Section 3.

The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.

The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments.

 

I

Section 4. 

The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of choosing Senators.

 

 

 

Section 5.

Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide.

 

 

 

 

Section 6.

The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compensation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in all Cases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the Session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any Speech or Debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other Place.

 

c.

 

Section 7

All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other Bills. Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a law, be presented to the President of the United States: If he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his Objections to that House.

 

.

 

Section 8. 

The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; To declare War.

 

 

Section 9

The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases or Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.

No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.

 

 

Section 10

No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.

 

 

Articles 1, 2, and 3 (con't)-2

Article. II 

Section 1.

The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term.

 

No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States

 

.

 

Section 2.

The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States. 

 

He shall have Power… nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate … Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States.

 

The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session. 

 

Section 3

He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information on the State of the Union.

 .

 

Section 4

The President, Vice President and all Civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.

 

.

 

Article. 3 

Section 1.

The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.

 .

 

Section 2.

The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases…in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction.

 

The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.

 .

 

Section 3.

Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.

 

The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason. 

 

LETS EXAMINE RECENT EVENTS

 

TRUMP v HAWAII  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trump_v._Hawaii (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

YOUNG TURKS VIEW US Government Kills Liberty (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Description: US Government Kills Liberty

 

JANUS v AFSCME - PUBLIC SECTOR UNIONS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janus_v._AFSCME (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

http://www.scotusblog.com/case-files/cases/janus-v-american-federation-state-county-municipal-employees-council-31/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

https://www.cnbc.com/2018/06/27/supreme-court-rules-in-janus-labor-union-case.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/supreme-court-rules-on-union-dues-in-janus-v-afscme-today-2018-06-27/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/27/us/politics/supreme-court-unions-organized-labor.html?emc=edit_na_20180627&nl=breaking-news&nlid=38970030ing-news&ref=cta (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

 

 Amendments 1 -10 and 14-2

THE Bill of Rights amendments 1-10.

 

CONSENSUS, CONFLICT, CHAOS

 

RULE OF LAW; WHAT DOES THIS MEAN?

DUE PROCESS; WHAT DOES THIS MEAN?

PRESIDENT TRUMP ADVOCATES DEPRIVING IMMIGRANTS DUE PROCESS RIGHTS

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/24/us/politics/trump-immigration-judges-due-process.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

RIGHT OF PRIVACY

CARPENTER v UNITED STATES

https://www.oyez.org/cases/2017/16-402 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpenter_v._United_States (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

https://www.wired.com/story/carpenter-v-united-states-supreme-court-digital-privacy/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.https://www.newyorker.com/news/daily-comment/in-carpenter-the-supreme-court-rules-narrowly-for-privacy (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

https://reason.com/volokh/2018/06/22/first-thoughts-on-carpenter-v-united-sta (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2018/06/in-carpenter-v-united-states-the-supreme-court-vindicates-justice-sonia-sotomayors-theory-of-digital-privacy.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

 

Amendment I

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

 

 

Amendment II

A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

District of Columbia v Heller https://www.oyez.org/cases/2007/07-290 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

McDonald v City of Chicago

https://www.oyez.org/cases/2009/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 08-1521

 

 

Amendment IV

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

 

CARPENTER v UNITED STATES https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpenter_v._United_States (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

https://www.oyez.org/cases/2017/16-402 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

Amendment V   due process person

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamouscrime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

 

Escobedo v Illinois

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Escobedo_v._Illinois (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

https://www.oyez.org/cases/1963/615 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

Miranda v Arizona

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miranda_v._Arizona (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

https://www.oyez.org/cases/1965/759 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

 

Amendment VI

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein thecrime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

Gideon v Wainwright

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gideon_v._Wainwright (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

https://www.oyez.org/cases/1962/155 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

 

 

Amendment VIII

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

DEATH PENALTY INFORMATION CENTER  https://deathpenaltyinfo.org/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

PROPOSITION 184 THREE STRIKES PRINCIPLE OF PROPORTIONALITY  https://ballotpedia.org/California_Proposition_184,_Three_Strikes_Sentencing_Initiative_(1994) (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

PROPOSITION 36 CHANGES TO THREE STRIKES https://ballotpedia.org/California_Proposition_36,_Changes_in_the_%22Three_Strikes%22_Law_(2012) (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

PIZZA THIEF http://articles.latimes.com/1995-03-03/local/me-38444_1_jerry-dewayne-williams (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

http://articles.latimes.com/2010/feb/10/local/la-me-pizzathief10-2010feb10 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

 

 .

 

Amendment X

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.

ARIZONA SENATE BILL 1070 https://immigration.findlaw.com/immigration-laws-and-resources/arizona-immigration-law-s-b-1070.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-arizona-law-20160915-snap-story.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

 

 

 

Amendment XIV  due process states

Section 1.

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

AREAS FOR DISCUSSION - IMPACT ON IMMIGRATION, MIGRANT STATUS, CHAIN MIGRATION, GAY RIGHTS, SAME SEX MARRIAGE, WEDDING CAKES, FLORAL ARRANGEMENTS, A WOMAN'S RIGHT TO CHOOSE

 

.

Crime control versus Due Process-2

There are different theories that have been developed to explain the reasons as to why people commit crime.  As such, these theories that have been developed that explain the different ways in which punishment of the criminal is looked upon by society as a whole and by those within the criminal justice system.

KEY TERMS

U.S. CONSTITUTION

MASTER/SERVANT

PREAMBLE

ARTICLE I

ARTICLE II

ARTICLE lll

MARBURY v MADISON

BILL OF RIGHTS

AMENDMENTS 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 14

AMENDMENT 1

AMENDMENT 2

AMENDMENT 4

AMENDMENT 5

AMENDMENT 6

AMENDMENT 8

AMENDMENT 10

AMENDMENT 14

THEORIES OF PUNISHMENT

 

THEORIES OF CRIME - WHAT ARE SOME OF THEM?

Sociology - study of society

Criminology - study of crime

Rational choice theory - people make choices

Social Disorganization theory - the degree of the dysfunction in society where you are

Social Process theory - family, friends, peers impact on person development

Labeling theory - you are what you believe you are

Strain theory - criminal behavior explained by biological and psychological attributes of an individual

Biological theory - criminal behavior explained by biological and psychological attributes of an individual

Cultural deviance theory - cultural development of the environment in which you are; beginning, teen years, young adult years, middle and senior years

Life Course theory - criminal and anti social behavior evident in each stage of a person's life

 

THEORIES OF PUNISHMENT - WHAT ARE SOME OF THEM?

Deterrence - consequences and punishment severe enough to cause non activiation

Retribution - revenge for earlier transgressions

Incapacitation - removal from society because of norms and values violation

Rehabilitation / Reformation - reconstruction of a person's life, behavior modification, from worse to better. who determines?

Restorative Justice; victim/defendant collaboration

  

Just as we use those theories to understand the different elements of the criminal justice system, we also need to understand the reasons why the system works in the way it does.  There are two models that the criminal justice system uses to dictate how each state, or given jurisdiction, reacts to criminal violations.

 

The crime control model approaches crime in a way that favors law enforcement.  Following the crime control model, law enforcement focuses more on arresting and charging the individual who has committed the crime in question.

 

On the opposite side of the crime control model is the due process model.  Under the due process model the criminal justice system focuses more on protecting the rights of the individual who is thought to have committed the crime.  This means that the officers involved in a case must establish reasonable (articulable) suspicion, probable cause in order to execute a search and focuses more on protecting the constitutional rights of the individual in question, person of interest.. 

 

California, for example, is a due process state.  There is more of a focus on protecting the constitutional rights of an individual than there is doing whatever is needed to catch the criminal.  Some refer to this as “red tape,” the protocols that an officer must follow regardless of the “gut feeling.”

 

Now that we have reviewed all the theories utilized in the criminal justice system in the previous and current chapters, let's apply our knowledge of these theories to some research as you complete one of your REQUIRED assignments - Crime Analysis. 

 

Every year the FBI compiles a list of the number of crimes that occurred in a given city.  This is called the Uniform Crime Report, UCR for short.  By reviewing the most current UCR for your area, you can find out exactly how many violent crimes and property crimes occurred in your city.  By adding these together, violent crime index and property crime index,  you get the total crime rate for your city.  Dividing this total by the population gives you a rough estimate of the percentage of crime in that city.

 

Violent Crime Index + Property Crime Index = Total Crime

Total Crime / Population = Crime rate percentage

 

 

Let's find the city of Riverside, California (for example)

Step 1: Go to the FBI website: www.fbi.gov (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

Step 2: In the Menu go to the Crime Statistics page.

Step 3:  Click on Preliminary Crime Report

Step 4:  Click on Table 

Step 5:  Click on Alabama through California, or go to California

Step 6:  Find California, Riverside, and add up the violent crime index and property crime index numbers.

Violent Crime + Property Crime = Total Crime

for example 792 + 5,269 = 6,061

Total Crime / Population = Crime Rate

6,061/326,896 =1.85%

 

Using the above steps to complete the table below:

 

City

Violent Crime

Property Crime

Population

Crime Rate

Riverside

792

5,269

325,896

1.85%

Anaheim

       

Corona

       

Inglewood

       

Irvine

       

Los Angeles

       

Moreno Valley

       

Santa Ana

       

Simi Valley

       

San Bernardino

       

Thousand Oaks

       
       

 

KEY TERMS

CRIME CONTROL MODEL

DUE PROCESS MODEL

UNIFORM CRIME REPORT

CLERY REPORT

MEGANS LAW

JESSICA'S LAW

CHELSEA'S LAW

RATIONAL CHOICE THEORY

SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION THEORY

STRAIN THEORY

SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY

BIOLOGICAL THEORY

CULTURAL DEVIANCE THEORY

LABELING THEORY

 

 

 

POLICING - HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

THE HISTORY OF POLICING IN THE UNITED STATES

http://plsonline.eku.edu/insidelook/history-policing-united-states-part-1 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

https://www.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/50819_ch_1.pdf (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

http://www.nleomf.org/museum/news/newsletters/online-insider/2012/April-2012/early-days-american-law-enforcement-april-2012.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

https://www.pearsonhighered.com/assets/samplechapter/0/1/3/3/0133028313.pdf (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

http://www.communitypolicing.com/history-of-policing (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

 

 

 

Crime Analysis review and analysis, based on population, Violent Crime Index, Property Crime Index = crime rate FBI Uniform Crime Report
19265

Legal Environment

Labor Relations Law 

Due on Tuesday September 4, 2018 

Approximately 850-950 words, APA Format, at least 5 references

 

Demonstrate skills in analyzing and applying various HRM legal requirements in the real world of human resources.

 

Assignment Description 

Recently, you have heard rumors that employees would like to unionize. The director of human resources has come to one of your regional managers' meetings to discuss a couple of things about unions so that managers are equipped with detailed information. In a Word document of at least 850 words, answer the following questions:

---  What is the process that employees will use to unionize? 

---  How can collective bargaining deliver improvements for workers in the organization? 

---  What does a union have to consider regarding a state's right to work laws? 

 

Legal Environment
19257

ASSIGNMENT DUE 09/10/18 @1200 NOON. ALL WORK MUST BE ORIGINAL IN APA FORMAT. WORK WILL BE SUBMITTED TO TURN-IN IT. MINIMUM WORD COUNT IS 1500 WORDS EXCLUDING THE TITLE AND REFERENCE PAGE.

 

ASSIGNMENT:

1. If you were a sentencing judge, what kinds of information would you like a victim impact statement to contain?

 

2. Do you believe that a victims’ rights amendment to the U. S. Constitution is needed to balance the rights of crime victims with those of suspects? Why or why not?

 

3. How did the status of crime victims during the historical Golden Age of the Victim differ from the status of victims today? Discuss how a changed view of the nature of crime has affected the status of victims.

 

4. You work for a state legislator, Amy Vicrites. I. M. Swindler was convicted of defrauding thousands of people of hundreds of millions of dollars in retirement funds. He was convicted, sentenced to 40 years in prison, and fined $ 500,000, and is currently serving his prison sentence in one of your state’s prisons. As a consequence of the fine, successful lawsuits by the victims, and legal fees, Swindler is now broke. Indeed, over $200 million in losses to the victims have been lost. Swindler is charismatic and his case was a cause célèbre. As a result, he is still popular. To make money he posted the following items for sale on eBay:

 

A. Worked RichRetired Broke. He wrote a book detailing his crimes, the investigation of his crimes, his trial, and his incarceration. Price: $ 75.

 

B. Book with Autograph: A copy of Worked Rich, Retired Broke with his autograph. Price: $ 125.

 

Your state has a victims’ rights statute. The State Victim Support Agency sued Swindler under the law, seeking all of the revenues from his sales, which are estimated to be about $200,000. Swindler defended against the lawsuit by alleging that the law violated his First Amendment free speech rights by targeting his writings. The trial court, appellate court, and state supreme court all found for Swindler, dismissing the suit. Your boss, Vicrites, is furious, as are many people in the state. She has asked you to review the law and to revise the language to bring it into conformity with the First Amendment. She wants to retain the authority to prevent criminals from making money on their crimes in the future. She accepts that nothing can be done with Swindler.

 

Your Assignment: Revise the following statute in a way that retains the authority of the state to take the revenues earned from crimes by the perpetrators of crimes, to be distributed to the victims of the crimes or to the state if the victims have been fully compensated.  Explain why you added specific elements to the new statute.

 

Criminal Anti-Profit and Revenue Redistribution Law

Any person, organization, or entity that earns a profit from the writing, publishing, creating, distributing, or posting of a book, video, or other media about a crime for which there has been a conviction in a court of the state shall withhold 100% of the royalties and other revenues due to the person convicted of the crime(s) that is the subject of the writing, if any. The monies withheld under this provision shall be sent to the State Victim Support Agency and it shall distribute those funds to the victims of the crime or deposit them into the state’s victim support fund, as provided for elsewhere in these laws.

MOD7
19229

This week (and past weeks) your reading focuses on the techniques and tools you would use to collect, preserve, and analyze digital evidence. While this class does not focus as heavily on the highly technical aspects of digital forensics (e.g., using the tools, techniques, processes to collect, preserve and analyze digital evidence), it does stress how to be prepared for the digital evidence process, as it fits into the criminal justice system.

Of course, it is critical that computer forensic examiners understand processes such as capturing volatile data, recognizing and collecting digital evidence, analyzing the evidence once it is collected, etc.; however, what I want you to focus on this week is why and how the processes are designed to identify, seize, collect, preserve, and analyze digital evidence, and how they relate to the criminal justice process.

You should all understand the need to verify what a warrant will allow you to search for and seize in a criminal case (ensuring that you do not exceed the scope and potentially compromise your case). You should also be aware of what a company’s policy, or an organization’s leadership will allow you to do in a non-criminal justice investigation. In either case, you need to be able to testify about all the steps you took, articulating from the point when you were first notified of the incident or called in to collect the digital evidence, until the time you are called to testify about it. Digital evidence must not just be simply collected (e.g., picked up and put in a bag), but procedures must be put in place to preserve the evidence so the defense cannot raise reasonable doubt (in the criminal case) about the integrity or provenance of the evidence.

For this week’s discussion, complete the following questions below in detail.  Please discuss thoroughly and substantively in your post. Additionally, respond in a thorough, substantive, intelligent way to at least one of your fellow classmates that adds to our discussion and learning of this week’s topic!

1) Describe at least 5 steps in a process to collect digital evidence to the time you testify that you consider important. Please explain why they are important.

2) You are a witness and I am asking you the following question - please answer thoroughly as if you are testifying in court on the witness stand. “Upon entering the room where the computer was located, what was the first thing you did?”

3) Continue your testimony by answering – “After seizing the computer evidence, explain what you did with it?”

How We Collect and Preserve Evidence
19212

Click the link above to submit your assignment.

Students, please view the "Submit a Clickable Rubric Assignment" in the Student Center.
  Instructors, training on how to grade is within the Instructor Center. 

Assignment 3: The Big Stage!
  Due Week 10 and worth 200 points

In  the United States, both the federal government and the states have  authority to indict for criminal wrongdoing. The federal government and  each state have their own criminal statutes, court system, prosecutors,  and police agencies. Use your textbook, the Internet, and / or Strayer  Library to research articles on crime trial, prosecutor, and criminal  investigator.

Write a four to five (4-5) page paper in which you:

  1. Put  yourself in the role of a prosecutor and explain the importance of the  final report to the prosecution of a case. Further, analyze the possible  impact of poorly completed final reports on the prosecution of a case.
  2. Review  Figure 21.1 “The Use of Evidence in the Stages of the Criminal Justice  Process” in Chapter 21 of the text and specify the manner in which each  stage of the criminal justice process helps to build a successfully  litigated action. Provide a rationale to support your response.
  3. Define  a criminal investigator’s role in preparing a case for court. Analyze  the manner in which the investigator cooperates with the prosecutor to  enhance the courtroom presentation. 
  4. Differentiate not guilty  and acquitted. Give your opinion as to whether or not an acquittal means  that the investigator failed. Support your position. 
  5. Predict  one to two (1-2) changes that will take place in criminal investigation  in the next  twenty (20) years. Provide a rationale to support your  response.
  6. Use at least two (2) quality academic resources in  this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar type Websites do not  qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

• Be  typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with  one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA  or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional  instructions.

• Include  a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s  name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover  page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment  page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Describe the major components of and responsiblities involved in the investigative process.
  • Recommend improvements to the criminal investigation process in selected areas.
  • Predict changes that will take place in criminal investigation in the next 20 years.
  • Evaluate the role of the criminal investigator in preparing evidence for presentation and courtroom testimony. 
  • Use technology and information resources to conduct research in the criminal investigation process.
  • Write clearly and concisely about the criminal investigation process using proper writing mechanics.
crj2018too
19179

Assignment 4: The Future of Digital Crimes and Digital Terrorism

Due Week 10 and worth 250 points

In the United States, a number of law enforcement agencies, including the Secret Service, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Department of Homeland Security among others have taken on roles to fight computer crimes and terrorism.

Use the Internet or Strayer library to research articles on the efforts of law enforcement agencies to combat digital crimes and digital terrorism, as well as the roles of such agencies in the future of the combat in question.

Write a four to five (4-5) page paper in which you:

  1. Describe the overall impact (e.g., economic, social, etc.) of utilizing information technologies in combatting digital crime and digital terrorism.
  2. Explain the existing challenges that result from the independent nature of the law enforcement agencies within the U.S. with regards to computer crimes and terrorism. Next, propose one (1) strategy that the U.S. could use in order to mitigate the challenges in question.
  3. Explain the fundamental manner in which the U.S. could align the efforts of federal agencies in order to better protect the nation against digital crimes and terrorism.
  4. Give your opinion of the key future trends in digital crime and digital terrorism. Next, provide one (1) overall strategy that the U.S. could use in order to combat digital crime and digital terrorism.
  5. Use at least four (4) quality references for this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.

Your assignment must:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Describe future trends in digital crime and terrorism.
  • Describe law enforcement roles and responses.
  • Explain the procedures in the investigation of computer-related crime.
  • Describe the technologies and processes involved in digital forensics.
  • Explain the ethical concerns that information technologies raise in society and the impact of information technologies on crime, terrorism, or war.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in information technology in criminal justice.
  • Write clearly and concisely about information technology in criminal justice topics using proper writing mechanics and technical style convention.
The Future of Digital Crimes and Digital Terrorism
19156

The purpose of this project is to research, analyze and apply tort law. 

This project requires you to identify and assess legal issues, apply law to facts and make recommendations.  The issues will relate to the concepts covered in weeks 1, 2, and 3 about the legal environment of business and business organizations.

You will also develop skills in developing a PowerPoint presentation, in writing a summary report and using critical thinking to write an in-depth comprehensive analysis.

 

Outcomes Met by Completing this Assignment:

  • recommend appropriate actions in the business environment based on an understanding of sources of law, legal process and procedure, and available remedies
  • analyze tort rights, obligations, liabilities, and remedies in the business environment

Background:  GC has two primary concerns about tort risks and liabilities.  These are (1) risks related to potential accidents occurring in their public business space to employees and/or customers, and (2) risks related to cleaning jobs,

GC will be headquartered in commercial space in a local shopping center. This space will include private business offices, a public reception area, a conference meeting area, and space to which potential and existing clients will be invited to discuss cleaning jobs, buy cleaning products, and complete contracts for cleaning jobs.  The business space will be open to the public.  The shopping center in which GC will be headquartered is busy and heavily trafficked with shoppers.

 Of greater concern are risks arising from accidents and injuries to cleaner-employees and /or clients related to cleaning jobs.

At the direction of your supervisors at TLG, you are tasked to develop a plan to identify potential risks and liabilities and recommend ways to minimize potential tort risks in (1) GC’s public store operations, and (2) on cleaning jobs.

GC owners will use the plan to refine policies and procedures to prevent and/or minimize liabilities for GC in its public facility and on cleaning jobs.

Instructions

For this project,  write a plan to be presented in a PowerPoint (PPT) presentation.

There is no set number of slides but include a title page and a reference page.

Please place all notes and explanations for EACH slide directly on slides in the PPT presentation - not in a separate document.  You likely will need more than one PPT slide for each point/idea/concept so that everything you want to say/include in the presentation will be contained in the PPT slides

The plan focuses on potential tort liabilities (except do not discuss or include product liability in this project).

The Power Point presentation will:

1.  identify and describe several specific tort liabilities that GC could face in its public store facility operations;

 develop and explain policies and/or procedures GC could implement to prevent or minimize each tort risk discussed in 1. above;

2.  identify and describe several specific tort liabilities that GC could face on cleaning jobs;

A. develop and explain policies and/or procedures GC could implement to prevent or minimize each tort risk discussed in 2. above;

 

You should use only assigned resources available in the classroom for the project.

If needed, please refer to the following links for tips on preparing a PPT presentation.

Creating a Power Point

http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/lesson_images/lesson1063/CreatingPowerPointSlide.pdf

Power Point for Beginners

http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/lesson_images/lesson1063/CreatingPowerPointSlide.pdf

Use in text citations, as needed.

Include a References List of cited resources

Label each part  of the Power Point as follows:

 

A.

 

B.

 

C.

 

 

 

Review the Plan

 

 

 

Thoroughly read the presentation to ensure all required elements are present.  Use the grading rubric to ensure that you gain the most points possible for this assignment.

 

Proofread for spelling and grammatical issues, and third person writing.

 

Read the Power Points presentation aloud as a first measure;

Use the spell and grammar check in Word;

Have someone who has excellent English skills proof the presentation.

Reference material:

https://saylordotorg.github.io/text_advanced-business-law-and-the-legal-environment/s04-introduction-to-law-and-legal-.html

https://saylordotorg.github.io/text_advanced-business-law-and-the-legal-environment/s06-courts-and-the-legal-process.html

https://saylordotorg.github.io/text_advanced-business-law-and-the-legal-environment/s07-constitutional-law-and-us-comm.html

https://catalog.flatworldknowledge.com/bookhub/reader/1679?e=lau-ch01#lau-ch01_s03

https://catalog.flatworldknowledge.com/bookhub/reader/1679?e=lau-ch01#lau-ch01_s04

http://adr.findlaw.com/arbitration/arbitration-overview.html

https://www.archives.gov/founding-docs/constitution

https://www.law.cornell.edu/opinions.html

https://corporate.findlaw.com/law-library/jurisdiction-in-cyberspace.html

http://www.saylor.org/site/textbooks/Advanced%20Business%20Law%20and%20the%20Legal%20Environment.pdf

https://saylordotorg.github.io/text_advanced-business-law-and-the-legal-environment/s10-introduction-to-tort-law.html

http://www.diffen.com/difference/Civil_Law_vs_Criminal_Law

http://injury.findlaw.com/accident-injury-law/elements-of-a-negligence-case.html

http://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/what-premises-liability.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_KHIWhwj5as

https://saylordotorg.github.io/text_law-for-entrepreneurs/s20-products-liability

 

 

 

 

Power Point Presentation on Torte Law
19136

Discuss the notion that firms should stop doing business with customers who constantly generate losses versus the notion that the customer is always right.

 

 The required length for posting is 350 words and  references in APA format

Discussion Question
19110

Midwest Grains, Inc. (Grains) is a large, privately-owned Iowa-based supplier of various grains to manufacturers and retailers throughout the country. 

National Bakers, Inc. (Bakers) is a large, family-owned corporation based in New Jersey with operations in 15 states.

On August 30, representatives for Grains and Bakers verbally agreed for Grains (1) to sell 1000 lbs. of wheat grain to Bakers for market price, to be shipped via truck to the Bakers’ warehouse in New Jersey by September 12, 2016, and (2) to sell 100 lbs. of ground corn to Bakers for market price, to be shipped via truck to the Bakers’ warehouse in New Jersey by November 1, 2016. 

Grains and Bakers have engaged in previous business sales transactions and always commit their verbal agreements to signed written contracts via email.  On September 3, Grains and Bakers completed a written contract to reflect their agreement for the sale and shipment of grains.

  1. Write a valid enforceable contract that reflects the September 3 agreement between Grains and Bakers, as described above.

This is to be your own work, not use a standard form contract from the internet.

  1. Assume that beginning in the summer, 2016, there is an oversupply of grain that is driving prices down. Consequently, on September 1, 2016, US Congress enacted a law, popularly called the Limited Grain Act, that temporarily bans the production and sale of all grains in the US, and provides for payment of a subsidy to farmers for not growing grains. 

Grains and Bakers were unaware of this ban when they signed the September 3 contract for the sale of grains.

 Analyze and discuss the (1) the constitutionality of the Limited Grain Act explaining the legal basis for the law and why it is constitutional or unconstitutional, and (2) the validity of the September 3 sales contract between Grains and Bakers explaining the conclusions and rationale in detail.

  1. Analyze and discuss the constitutionality of the Limited Grain Act explaining the legal basis for the law and why it is constitutional or unconstitutional.
Business Laws and Ethics
19101

What characteristics and abilities (functions) should a good data-base program possess for applications in Criminal Justice? Explain and be specific.

What is the MAIN (just one) advantage or contribution has been made by the ability to use a computer in conjunction with a database? Again be very specific and give an example of before and after.

"A" WORK DISCUSSION
19072

Respond to the following: Answer the discussion(X2). Include at least 2 references.

 

A good response to a written question should combine your personal experiences with theory to support your work. Be thoughtful and insightful and it must demonstrate critical thinking and analysis. A good response to the question should be about 3-4 paragraphs, and address all of the issues that are raised. (Introduction, body and conclusion.) Thank you.

M2D1: Violence Against Women: Communal Terrorism

Mass violence against women is a type of communal terrorism. Communal terrorism, like other terrorist environments, is not static and continues to evolve. As war crimes are redefined to incorporate crimes conducted by combatants during times of conflict, it is appropriate to consider the inclusion of politically motivated gender-based violence.

Respond to the following:

1. Given the history of gender-based crimes during times of conflict, how do you think governments and international organizations should respond to gender-selective terrorism? What role does the culture, both era and location, religion, etc., play? Explain your answer. How might these efforts be specific to counterterrorism?

 

M2D2: Dissident Terrorism

Much of dissident terrorism is anti-state in nature, directed at existing governments and political institutions with the aim of destabilizing the existing government in order to build a new government.

Respond to the following:

2. What is your definition of the phrase, “One man’s freedom fighter is another man’s terrorist?” Is there a difference between a freedom fighter and a terrorist? Draw upon the readings, videos, and module notes to justify your answer.

 

Counterterrorism Knowledge (2 disussion questions)
19031

***Assignment due today by 10pm Eastern Time*** Analyze and evaluate the  major points of your case study for research utilizing the Six  Principles of Mission Command. Use your time to develop a deep  understanding of your topic to fully explain your analysis. You are  required to give an in depth introduction of your topic. Then develop  the body of the paper fully using not less than 4 full pages and no more  than 5 pages. Provide transitional sentences from one topic to the  next. Gather one additional reference for your bibliography. Ensure you  use Times New Roman 12 point font and the current APA Writing Style.
a.Cover/Title Page (Enclosure 1).
b.Header with the title of the paper in all caps and page number (the  words "Running Head:" appear before the header title on the title page  only).
c.Leave two spaces after the end of each sentence.
d.Set the margins of your document to one-inch on all sides. Indent the  first line of a paragraph one half-inch (five spaces or press tab once)  from the left margin.
e.All essays are independent projects; collaboration and plagiarism are prohibited.
f.For APA formatting information, reference: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/0

Business Law: Case Study
19016

Write a 1,400- to 1,750-word paper in which you analyze the relationship between ethics and professional behavior in the administration of criminal justice. Explain the role of critical thinking with regard to the relationship of ethics and professional behavior. Include in your paper a proposal for a seminar in ethics training for law enforcement officers. In your proposal choose five areas of ethical conduct and that will be stressed in the seminar. Explain why you chose those areas and what the expected benefits of the training will be for both officers and the community.

Include at least four peer reviewed references.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

CJA 484 Ethics In Criminal Justice Administration Analysis

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