Present the results of a lactate threshold test. You must present your findings in a suitable manner and you must be able to correctly identify the lactate threshold using an appropriate method, which you must reference. You must discuss how your results will help you as an Exercise Scientist to assist your participant’s training and prescribe a training programme that is suitable for your participant to undertake, whilst demonstrating a clear understanding of the underpinning physiological mechanisms. 2,000 words (± 10 %) Part 1. Introduction. Please provide a brief introduction to the topic, with reference to the literature, including a rationale for the study and aim/hypothesis clearly stated at the end of the section. (Task 1 is worth 10% marks) Part 2. Methodology. Provide brief details on the participant, protocol and equipment used. This section should also include time of day and date of testing. You may wish to include a table. (Task 2 is worth 10% marks) Part 3. Produce 3 graphs of the results using MS Excel™. The first graph (Figure 1) is: lactate concentration on the y-axis v heart rate on the x-axis; the second (Figure 2) is of lactate concentration on the y-axis v power/speed on the x-axis. The third graph (Figure 3) should be of lactate concentration on the y-axis vs RPE with RPE on the x-axis. Identify the lactate threshold on Figures 1, 2 and 3. Ensure that it is clear what is represented in each Figure and in the tables. Some text before each figure to explain what exactly is being presented and where exactly lactate threshold occurred will do this. Ensure you define the method you have used to determine lactate threshold and reference this in the text. 2 You should also present a table of lap times with both the mean and max heart rate at each of the stages highlighted in this table. Brief text should accompany the figure and table. (Task 3 is worth 20% marks) Part 4. Explain how you in your role as a Sport & Exercise Scientist could use the data collected and processed in this session to assist in your participant’s training. In your answer you should demonstrate a clear understanding of the lactate threshold, heart rate, power (bike), treadmill (speed), and RPE as appropriate to your participant when answering this question. In addition you should prescribe a training programme specific to your participant (consider mode/s of exercise/intensity/frequency/duration etc.) to aid improvement of their performance. In your answer discuss some of the physiological adaptations you would expect to see with the training you have prescribed. (Task 4 is worth 50% of marks) KEY POINT Remember to use literature sources when answering Task 4 - we will expect to see a minimum of 8 references in your answer but the more you back up your work the more likely you are to gain higher marks. Prescribed sessions can be based on HR, RPE, V̇ O2, speed/power/pace depending on the ergometer used by your participant. 5% of marks are allocated to the reference section and 5% for organisation. 1 Organisation Structure, presentation: cover sheet included, page numbers, word processed, appropriate scientific language used, correct grammar/spelling/punctuation. Formatting guidelines followed. 2 Introduction Relevant and coherent introduction to the topic, reference to literature, clear rationale provided and aim/hypothesis stated at the end of the section. 3 Methods Written in the past tense. Concise and reproducible. Appropriate and relevant data on the participant is provided. Equipment cited appropriately. Reference for how lactate threshold was identified has been included. 4 Results Appropriate text to explain figures, figures clear & appropriate, titles/units correct, data accurate, lactate threshold identification accurate, appropriate supporting text. 5 Discusson & Training Programme Question answered fully, knowledge and understanding of area demonstrated, correct interpretation of data in relation to literature, relevant examples used. Underpinning physiology explained. Inclusion of an appropriate training programme for your participant. Prescribed K&U1- 4, I1-4, P2 (50) SES9702 Intermediate Exercise Physiology (Singapore) Module Leader: Tom Johnston Tutors with responsibility: Chee Yong Low Assessment Specification Workbook sessions can be based on HR, RPE, V̇O2, speed/power/pace depending on the ergometer used by your participant 6 Referencing Complete and accurate both in text and in reference list, conforming to APA convention throughout. Methods In groups of no more than 6 people you will need 1 student to volunteer to participate in a graded aerobic exercise test in order that your group can record heart rate, RPE and blood lactate data. The volunteer participants must have completed a health questionnaire and blood pressure measurements before any exercise is undertaken in this practical. Measure and record the participants’ resting blood pressure, the (O 2 saturation - %SPO 2 level) and resting heart rate (using a heart rate monitor). On completion of the blood pressure measurement test, check that the participant’s blood pressure is deemed “normal” (< 140/95 mm Hg) in order that the participant is past fit to partake in the exercise test. Your group need to design a suitable protocol for assessing the lactate threshold for the ergometer the group is allocated (treadmill, bike or rower). You will be taking 6 finger/ear lobe prick blood samples from your participant in order to analyse blood lactate concentration. The first sample will be a resting sample. The last sample will be a taken on completion of the test. You will need to judge when to take the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th samples so that you see the participant going through lactate turn point (increase in measured blood lactate). You will be taken through the procedure of blood sampling by the tutors and technicians. A resting pre-warm up finger/ear prick blood sample is required from the participant with a corresponding resting heart rate and RPE. Lactate Threshold Testing Protocol: Cycling 1. Record any pre-test information/data (e.g. health questionnaire, heart rate, blood pressure), as outlined in Practical 5 document on Moodle. 2. Participant should complete a 5-min warm up at 50w. 3. Participant will start working at 100w for 5 minutes. 4. Aim for 80-90 RPM (revolutions per minute) throughout. 5. Participant should carry out 3 minute stages of exercises with a 50w increase at the end of each stage. 6. Blood lactate, heart rate and RPE measurements should be taken within the final 30 seconds of each exercise stage. 7. Participant should continue this protocol until they can no longer maintain 80-90 RPM or they decide to stop. 8. The participant will be encouraged to complete a full 3 minute exercise stage on their final stage, rather than stop in the middle of a stage. Lactate Threshold Testing Protocol: Treadmill 1. Record any pre-test information/data (e.g. health questionnaire, heart rate, blood pressure), as outlined in Practical 5 document on Moodle. 2. Participants warm up will last 6 minutes. 3. Start at 2km/h and increase speed in warm up by 1km/h every minute for the duration of the warm up. 4. Running at 8km/h, complete 5x3 minute stages of exercise, with a 1km/h increase in speed at the end of each stage. 5. Blood lactate, heart rate and RPE should be taken within the final 30 seconds of each exercise stage. 6. Now, take participant to exhaustion by increasing the treadmill gradient by 1% every minute until volitional exhaustion. 7. Conduct final blood lactate, heart rate and RPE measurements following the end of the test.