Student: Stanley

Overpopulation On Climate Change

I had done my proposal for my final paper which I attached below. And i also attached my professor's example about the final paper. But, now i need to do the final paper based on the topic (overpopulation on climate change) that should be 1500-2000 words in length with 5-10 citations. Basically, you have to finish the proposed project that i started on. CLIMATE MIGRATION: A Potential Opportunity or Threat By: Missy Stults, PhD., Sustainability and Innovations Manager, City of Ann Arbor, Michigan The global climate is changing. To see this reality, we need look no further than the fires raging in Australia or the fall 2019 fires that burned in California and Alaska, the 2019 extreme flooding on the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers1 (and in numerous inland communities), the Tropical Storms and Hurricanes that are increasing in intensity and frequency along our coast lines, or the increases in temperature which are occurring nationwide. These changes in weather and long-term climate are having devastating impacts on our economy, our social systems, our health and wellbeing, and our environment. The reality of climate change and its associated impacts is leading many communities to embrace climate action, which includes mitigating (reducing carbon pollution) and adapting (preparing for climate impacts). Traditionally, the first step in local climate action involves the completion of a greenhouse gas emissions inventory to understand the main sources of emissions in a community, as well as the completion of a climate risk and vulnerability assessment, which helps identify areas and people most vulnerable to the impacts associated with a changing climate. In the City of Ann Arbor, climate planning and action has been underway for over 15 years. Historically, this work has focused on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, with efforts to prepare for changes in local temperature and precipitation becoming more prominent in the last several years. More recently, the City began exploring how the indirect effects of climate change may impact the City, including things such as disruptions in supply chains and climate-related migration. This analysis shed light on the very real possibility of a significant influx of climate-related migrants into the region. And it’s not surprising to see why. Ann Arbor is a great community with an exceptionally high quality of life. With the University of Michigan, a vibrant business community, local commitments to sustainability, affordable housing, and walkability, exceptional cultural opportunities, an abundance of parks and open space, exceptional healthcare, and high quality public education, Ann Arbor is a highly desirable place to live. Moreover, being nested in the Great Lakes region means that the City is surrounded by the world’s largest source of freshwater: the Great Lakes. Plus, the climate impacts already being experienced in Ann Arbor (and those projected to take place) are not as extreme as those being experienced in other parts of the country: the City isn’t directly impacted by sea level rise, wildfires, crippling extreme heat, vast droughts, or hurricanes. While the region is experiencing increases in temperature and pretty notable increases in precipitation, these impacts are less acute than those being experienced in other parts of the country. Effectively, the City’s high quality of life combined with our access to freshwater and relatively moderate climate-related impacts makes us a potential receiving community for climate-related migrants. There is a catch, however. The City’s current infrastructure – social and physical – is not prepared for a significant influx of individuals. But it could be. That’s why the City applied for a grant through the National League of Cities (NLC) to explore what climate-related migration could look like in the Ann Arbor area and to create a methodology that others 1 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s 2010-2019: A landmark decade of U.S. billion-dollar weather and climate disasters. can use to integrate climate change and climate-related migration into population and demographic modeling. More specifically, the NLC Resilience Grant allowed the City to start working with Dr. Matt Hauer from Florida State University. Dr. Hauer is a demographer that studies how sea level rise could reshape the distribution of the U.S. population. His analysis to-date has found that, through the influence of just sea level rise and associated flooding, by the end of the century, there could be as many as 45 million people living in neighborhoods that flood at least once per year; and that’s with just 3 feet of sea level rise. Climate scientists are now rallying behind projections closer to 6-6.5 feet of sea level rise by end of the century! Since Dr. Hauer’s first analysis looked at end of century sea level rise projections of 3 feet, let’s stick with that for a minute. Using 3 feet of sea level rise and IRS migration information, Dr. Hauer then projected where individuals experiencing sea level rise and associated flooding might move. Not surprisingly, nearly all will be moving further inland, ideally to places where they have kin networks or previous associations. But some are likely coming to Michigan. In fact, his analysis found that at least 50,000 of them are projected to head to Ann Arbor and the surrounding area. To put this into perspective, Washtenaw County, where Ann Arbor is nested, currently has a population of just over 350,000. Adding 50,000 is a significant increase in population and is likely to cause substantial strain on existing social and physical infrastructure – unless we change how we plan and what we plan for. And remember, this is just projected population shifts from a modest amount of sea level rise in the U.S. It doesn’t take into consideration population changes from those fleeing from drought, wildlife, extreme heat, inland flooding, hurricanes, disease, or other climate-related impacts, not does it take into consideration international migration or more likely sea level rise projections. Our work to-date with Dr. Hauer has been extremely enlightening. Yet we still have a long way to go. We are just at the beginning of understanding what climate-related migration might mean for our City and region. We are, however, committed to working directly with Dr. Hauer to create a methodology that allows our region, and all others in the U.S., to understand what climate change might mean for regional demographic shifts. And we are committed to integrating climate-based migration into the planning and program design the City is currently undertaking. We realize that climate change is not a distant problem. It is here and it is already causing significant impacts in communities across the world. It is imperative that we continue doing everything we can to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and try avoid as much future change as possible. It is also imperative that we immediately begin preparing our communities for the existing impacts of climate as well as those that are inevitable. Integrating climate-related demographic shifts into this work is essential – because if we don’t, we risk having communities that are prepared for the past but not the future. That is why Ann Arbor is committed to not only understanding what climate change could mean for regional demographic shifts, but to preparing for those changes to ensure we are a welcoming community for all. From: Divya Chauhan Sent: Friday, February 28th, 2020 To: editor@journal.com Subject: The Debate of Overpopulation on Climate Change Dear John, I hope this email finds you well. I’m working on a potential submission to Science Policy Forum regarding the impacts of overpopulation on climate change, specifically discussing whether population control is a reasonable solution to climate change. The paper is tentatively titled “To what extent is population control the answer to fixing climate change?” This question is highly controversial due to how multifaceted the concept of population control is. Scientists, experts, and policymakers always immediately discuss the ethics of this as a potential solution, as well as whether it should be addressed as the root cause of climate change. A lot of stakeholders studying climate change will agree that it is an essential topic to be addressed today, that will affect policymaking in the future. Population is an issue in climate change that is underreported, underrated, and under-talked about as an issue in climate change. According to a scientific journal, it took 123 years for Earth to go from 1 billion to 2 billion people. Today, this gap has progressively narrowed, seeing as it only took a decade to reach the next billion. Even so, it is also important to understand that global birth rates are potentially on the decline. The United Nations previously projected that the global population would reach 11.2 billion by 2100. In June, that forecast dropped to 10.9 billion. This shows the importance of understanding how the population is impacting climate change now and, in the future, as well as potential measures that must be taken to address population in the realm of climate change. Although fertility rates are collapsing around the world, the total fertility rate - the number of births it takes to keep a population from either increasing or decreasing - is not being met in many countries. Experts in the topic state that the population will peak at the middle of the century and then eventually begin to decline. The root point of discussion is whether the total fertility rate should be controlled, or if not, whether there should be policies in place to govern the growth of the population for the next few years so that it does not heavily impact the climate more than it has. Another big driver for this debate is urbanization. In the 1960s, roughly 33% of the population in the U.S. lived in a city. Now, it is 54%, with the UN projecting the number to be 68% in 2050. There are many implications of more people moving to a city that will be addressed throughout this paper in regard to climate change implications. I am writing about the topic of overpopulation regarding to climate change because of the vast debate that experts and policymakers are having on whether this should be controlled or not, and even whether this should be a primary concern in the quest to tackle climate change. I fear that this topic is not explored enough, and it is very important to how society is being shaped. Thank you for your consideration to potentially publish my article and I look forward to discussing further. ———————————————- Divya Chauhan Climate Researcher Florida State University

Budget: $40.00

Due on: April 24, 2020 00:00

Posted: 7 months ago.

Answers (0)