For this 4 page paper you have 3 topic options to choose to write about. Follow instructions on the pdf bellow En 229 Literature and the Arts Dr. Mary Lindroth PAPER ASSIGNMENT:Select one of the options below and write a 4-page paper that goes through a rough draft and revision process. PAPER TOPIC OPTIONS: TOPIC #1: Write a 4-page paper in which you discuss how David Henry Hwang’s integration of Puccini’s opera, Madama Butterfly,helps to flesh out and illuminate the characterization of Rene Gallimard and Song Liling as well as the relationship between them in the play M. Butterfly.Pay attention to the direct and indirect references to the opera within the play, making sure to address what is different or similar between the moment in the original opera and in the play as well as how the difference/similarities illuminate characterization and the relationship between Gallimard and Liling. Your paper should 1) introduce a compelling focus and argument regarding how and why the play integrates portions of the opera, 2) establish and develop a minimum of three significant and appropriate points with respect to the integration of the opera, 3) utilize concrete examples and/or quotations spread throughout the works, 4) discuss the significance of the points/examples, and 5) incorporate specialized vocabulary (staging revealed through stage directions, costume, aria, duet, libretto, and so on) appropriate to the medium of theater and opera. OR TOPIC #2: Write a 4-page paper in which you compare or contrast the ways in which words, images, lines and so on, work together to shape the graphic narrative, Maus by Art Spiegelman and Persepolis,by Marjane Satrapi. Your paper should 1) introduce a compelling focus and argument regarding how words and drawing together shape the narratives and whether the shaping is similar or different, 2) establish and develop a minimum of three significant and appropriate points with respect to how exactly words and drawing work together, 3) utilize concrete examples and/or quotations spread throughout the works, 4) discuss the significance of the points/examples, and 5) incorporate specialized vocabulary (panel, panel placement on the page, gutter (space between panels), shading, graphic weight, iconography, and so on) appropriate to the medium of graphic narrative. OR TOPIC #3: Write a 4-page paper in which you discuss the transformation between the written myth of Orpheus and Eurydiceand its translation into music/dance or musical theater*. You can learn about the dance and theater pieces (see Orpheus and Eurydicefolder on Blackboard and asterisked information below) by viewing/listening to clips, reading reviews, reading interviews and examining photos (making sure to credit the reviews/interviews/photos/productions in the Works Cited). I recommend utilizing the Jennings Library databases to access reviews and interviews. *I have gathered together clips from various dance productions and from two musical theater productions, including Anais Mitchell’s production of Hadestown now on Broadway (or was before the coronavirus shut everything down). You can find the clips in the Orpheus and Eurydice Folder on Blackboard. Feel free to try and find additional clips. When talking about the various productions, it is imperative that you identify the productions by name identifying choreographer (Pina Bausch, Mark Morris, etc.) or writer/theater (Anais Mitchell/Broadway, Flanagan Collective and Gobbledigook Theater). In addition to identifying the elements of the transformation (the lord of the underworld singing a song about the wall that separates the world of the living from the world of the dead, for example), make sure to discuss the significance of that transformation and how the transformation alters the original story. It is not enough to say that the song updates or modernizes the myth. Instead, you should state exactly how/why/what the update is. As you watch the different clips of dance or theater, consider which elements you will focus on: the representation of the underworld in Orpheus and Eurydice,and/or the representation of Orpheus, and/or the representation of Eurydice, and/or the representation of Orpheus and Eurydice’s ascent out of the Underworld? Example of how a paper might address the different treatment of the component: your paper might analyze the look, sound and feel of the Underworld in the original written myth of Orpheus and Eurydice as contrasted to its rendering in a song by Anais Mitchell for her production of Hadestown,or in a production of Pina Bausch’s “Dance of the Blessed Spirits” vs. a production of Mark Morris’ ballet for the Gluck opera Orpheus and Eurydice(as gleaned from examining photos, reading reviews, and viewing a clip). DANCE CLIPS: Trish Brown Dance Company/Music of Claudio Monteverdi’s L’Orfeo,first composed in 1607 Richard Alston’s Dance Company and the dance entitled Voices and Light Footstepsto the music of Claudio Monteverdi’s L’Orfeo Pina Bausch’s “Dance of the Blessed Spirits” to music of Christoph Gluck’s 1762 opera, Orfeo ed Eurydice Mark Morris’ choreography of “Dance of the Furies” as part of the Metropolitan Opera’s production of Christoph Gluck’s opera, Orfeo ed Eurydice George Balanchine’s production of Orpheusto the music of Stravinsky. MUSICAL THEATER CLIPS: Anais Mirchell’s Hadestown Flanagan Collective and Gobbledigook Theatre’s Orpheus and Eurydice General writing guidelines: Consult the writing rubric available on Blackboard in the assignments folder. In addition, make sure that your essay asserts a clear and focused thesis, develops that thesis with sufficient quotations, examples and details, and organizes ideas within and between paragraphs in a clear manner. End with a conclusion that highlights the key elements of the paper’s analysis. When introducing the various literary and art forms, include specifics about author, artist, composer, title and so on. In addition, make sure to introduce, document and cite source material according to MLA style/form (see below). Documentation form for papers: Each paper must document all texts, art works, non-original ideas and expression fully according to the MLA style through a system of parenthetical notation and works cited. Make sure to first introduce any text, art work, idea or expression that you include by identifying author and title. If you are quoting a literary text, place the parenthesis with the author’s name and page number at the end of the sentence in which the citation appears (Spiegelman 38). If you are quoting another source (a critical journal article or review, for example) or if you borrow an idea from that source, place the parenthesis with the author’s name followed by the page number at the end of the sentence in which the citation appears (Als 81). Key your in-text citations and your parenthetical citations to the Works Cited page, the alphabetical list of works that appears at the end of the paper. Provide the full bibliographical reference as prescribed by the MLA. Quotation format: In general, when quoting literature, you should use quotation marks and include the quote within the text when quoting 3 lines or less. If you are quoting more than 3 lines, then you need to use the block quotation format, omitting quotation marks, indenting one inch from the left margin, repeating each line as it appears in the text, and using double-space between lines.