This paper is to be completed in 3 parts with each building on the previous one. I have included the overall instructions as an attachment and the actual form for Part 1 that is to be completed. To help, I have highlighted the portions in the Part 1 form that needs to be completed. APOLOGETICS APPLICATION PAPER – PART 1 SUBMISSION FORM Make sure you read and understand the Apologetics Application Paper Instructions document (available in Blackboard) before you attempt to complete any part of this form. Do not change any aspect of this form; and do not delete anything from this form. Instead, just type your content in the spaces provided, below. Before typing your content, you should review the entire document to be sure you understand what is required. Type your name here: Type the submission date here: Instructions for this submission The purpose of Part 1 is to provide you with a few major building blocks that can be incorporated into your final paper. In the sections provided below, you will name the worldview you will be writing about, you will list a few sources you will use in your research, and you will begin building the foundation for what will become the first two major sections in the body of your final paper. 1. Worldview Selection The Apologetics Application Paper Instructions indicate three choices: secular humanism, scientific naturalism, or postmodernism. Of these three, which will you write your paper about? Type your selected worldview here: Secular Humanism 2. Preliminary List of Sources Not including your course textbooks, list 3–4 sources that you will use in the paper. At this stage of the project, you should focus on sources that help you understand and evaluate the worldview you have selected to write about. You should do your best to focus on “scholarly” sources (see the Apologetics Application Paper instructions for a definition and explanation of what “scholarly” means). Format each according to current Turabian and LUSD requirements for a bibliography. The remainder of this form will help you begin working on what will become the first two major sections of your final paper – the summary and evaluation of the worldview you are writing about. The Apologetics Application Paper Instructions indicate that the basic outline for your final paper should follow this structure: I. Introduction II. Summary of the Worldview III. Evaluation of the Worldview IV. Evaluation of Christianity V. Defense of Christianity VI. Conclusion In what follows, you will be crafting the building blocks that will eventually become sections II and III in that outline. II. Summary of the Worldview This section will form the building blocks of what will become the first major section in the body of your final paper (section II in the outline above): Summarize the worldview by using the main categories of belief discussed in Chapter 4 of Groothuis’s Christian Apologetics. In that section, Groothuis describes the Christian worldview using several major categories of belief. However, instead of discussing Christianity, you will use this section of the paper to describe the beliefs of the worldview you are writing about using those same categories of belief. Below is a bullet-list naming several of the most important categories of belief that Groothuis mentions. Under each of the categories of belief named below, type a brief description (one or two sentences) of the beliefs in that category for the worldview you have selected to evaluate. (You will have the opportunity to revise, expand, or change these ideas in the next stage of the project.) • ULTIMATE REALITY (For the worldview you selected above, what is ultimately real?): • SOURCE OF ULTIMATE AUTHORITY (For the worldview you selected above, what is ultimately authoritative?): • EPISTEMOLOGY (For the worldview you selected above, how do we gain knowledge?): • HUMAN BEINGS (For the worldview you selected above, what are human beings?): • SOURCE OF MORALITY (For the worldview you selected above, where does morality come from and what is its nature?): • (you may expand this list, if you wish, by adding other significant beliefs, following the other categories of belief that Groothuis mentions) III. Evaluation of the Worldview This section is focused on helping you build what will become the second major section of the body of your final paper (section III in the outline above): Evaluate your selected worldview in order to show that it fails to provide a rational, livable, comprehensive system. In Chapter 3 of Groothuis’s Christian Apologetics, he provides a list of 8 criteria that can be used to evaluate a worldview. The criteria Groothuis names are as follows: 1. explains what it ought to explain (Are there significant features of life or reality that this worldview cannot explain?) 2. internal logical consistency (Are there internal logical contradictions in the worldview?) 3. coherence (Do the various elements of the worldview fit together to form a coherent system?) 4. factual adequacy (Do the beliefs of the worldview conflict with facts we already know from other fields of study?) 5. existential viability (Is it possible to actually live out the worldview in a morally and philosophically consistent way?) 6. intellectual and cultural fecundity (Does the worldview inspire cultural and intellectual discovery, creativity, and productivity?) 7. radical ad hoc readjustment (Has the worldview had to readjust its core claims in order to accommodate new, compelling counter-evidence?) 8. simpler explanations are better than complex ones (Does the worldview offer simpler explanations about important features of reality, or more complex explanations?) From the 8 criteria listed above, select several that you think will be most helpful in evaluating your selected worldview; and in the bullet list below, list those criteria along with an explanation briefly describing how / why the worldview fails that test. You will have the opportunity to revise, expand, or change these ideas in the next stage of the project. • • • • • APOLOGETICS APPLICATION PAPER INSTRUCTIONS Choose a non-Christian worldview (see page 2 of these instructions for the worldviews you may choose from). Write a paper that evaluates the worldview using the method described in the Groothuis text, that defends Christianity, and that demonstrates a working knowledge of the assigned course readings and accomplishes the following goals: 1. Summarize the worldview by using the main categories of belief discussed in the assigned course reading (see Groothuis Chapter 4 for some of the main categories of belief: ultimate reality, source of authority, human beings, source of morality, etc.). This section of the paper must be approximately 600 words. 2. Use Groothuis’s criteria for evaluating worldviews (see Groothuis Chapter 3) in order to reveal the significant ways in which the selected worldview fails in providing a rational, livable, comprehensive system. This section of the paper must be 600-750 words. 3. Evaluate Christianity by the same criteria. Show that Christianity is a better (both intellectually and existentially), more reasonable alternative to the worldview selected, and that Christianity is more likely to be true. By using the same evaluation criteria as given in the previous section, this will show that Christianity does not suffer from the same flaws as the worldview you evaluated. This section of the paper must be 600-750 words. 4. Defend key aspects of the Christian worldview. The defense must take into consideration the beliefs and perspective of the worldview you have selected; and must demonstrate a good working knowledge of the standard arguments as presented in the course materials. This section must include significant discussion on at least 2 of the following subjects: the problem of evil, several arguments for the existence of God, defense of the resurrection of Jesus, defense of objective truth and/or moral values. This section of the paper must be 750-1000 words. These four requirements will form the basis of the structure of your paper and must be treated as four separate sections in the body of the paper. In addition to these requirements, the paper must have a proper introduction, conclusion, and follow the structure of a standard academic essay. The introduction must include a clear thesis statement—a main claim about the worldview that provides unity to the overall presentation. Including both the introduction and conclusion but not the title and bibliography pages, the total length of the paper must be 2800 – 3300 words (including the main text only, not footnotes, front matter, or the bibliography). Given these instructions, the basic outline for your paper should be as follows: I. Introduction II. Summary of the Worldview III. Evaluation of the Worldview IV. Evaluation of Christianity V. Defense of Christianity VI. Conclusion Instructions continued next page Worldview Choices - Choose one of these three worldviews to write about in this paper: 1. Scientific Naturalism 2. Secular Humanism 3. Postmodernism Outside Research (Required) Course textbooks may be used. In addition to these, at least 10 high-quality, scholarly sources must be used. A scholarly source is one that is published in print by an academic publisher, university, or scholarly society. Academic journal articles and books are acceptable sources. Many scholarly sources are available in both hard-copy printed format and electronic form through the Jerry Falwell Library. Articles appearing on scholarly websites published and maintained by universities or scholarly societies (such as the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) may be used, but generic websites (such as bible.org, CARM.org, Wikipedia, personal websites, blogs, etc.) must not be used. While less than ideal, it is permissible to use a few websites that contain articles written by people who hold to the worldview you are writing about, even if these websites do not strictly fall into the definition of “scholarly.” Given the nature of the assignment, you must consult and use several sources written from a perspective that defends the worldview of your selected target audience. Liberty University’s online research tools can be used, which will provide full-text electronic copies of print sources. This assignment will be completed in 3 parts: • Parts 1 and 2 are designed to help you develop the building blocks of what will become your final paper. Both Parts 1 and 2 will be submitted on the submission forms provided in Blackboard. Each submission form indicates the instructions and requirements for that part of the assignment – and the submission froms must remain unchanged with the exception of the required content that you type on the form. Attempted submissions that do not use the provided submission form will not be accepted for credit. Each of these parts is designed to help you write a final paper that meets the requirements stated in these instructions. For each part, you must download the form and save it on your computer with a new file name using your last name and the assignment name. Then, type your content directly on the form (without making any other changes to the form) and submit the form in Blackboard using the links provided. • The final paper must conform to the requirements named above. All aspects of the final paper must follow current Turabian format and the current version of the School of Divinity Writing Guide. Submit the Apologetics Application Paper – Part 1 by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of Module/Week 3. Submit the Apologetics Application Paper – Part 2 by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of Module/Week 5. Submit the Apologetics Application Paper – Final by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Friday of Module/Week 8.